Project name: Amur Tiger Conservation in Russia (This project is implemented by the Phoenix Fund and is funded by Dreamworld Wildlife Foundation.)
Location: Primorskii krai (Sikhote-Alinskii Biosphere Nature Reserve, Lazovskii Nature Reserve, Zov Tigra National Park, Land of the Leopard National Park, and Ussuriiskii Nature Reserve), Russia.
Goal: The aim of the project is to keep Amur tiger numbers stable, or increase numbers of tigers and reproduction of tigers in five protected areas of Primorskii krai.
Objective 1: To reduce poaching of Amur tigers and their prey species and improve protection of their habitat in five protected areas
Objective 2: To improve law enforcement efforts within the protected areas;
Objective 3: To raise people’s awareness about the state of the Amur tiger population and involve the public in nature conservation actions
The Russian Far East is famous for its rich biodiversity thanks to its large network of protected areas. Primorskii and Khabarovskii krais, represent the only area in the world where the Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) still exists in the wild. The species is listed Endangered by the IUCN and is on CITES Appendix I for protection status. Protected under the Russian and international laws and regulations, this population is still threatened by poaching, habitat destruction, prey depletion and conflicts with people.
According to a full-range survey -2005, the Amur tiger population recovered to between 428-502 individuals from a low point of possibly as few as 30 animals in the 1940s. However, results of the Amur Tiger Monitoring Program by the Wildlife Conservation Society and Russian agencies provided in 2009 strong evidence that both tiger and prey numbers were once again on the decline in the Russian Far East.
Thankfully, according to the count-2015, this has risen to about 523-540 individuals, including 417-425 animals in Primorsky krai. Despite sustained conservation efforts over recent years and encouraging preliminary results of the recent count, these big cats still remain at risk due to poaching, logging, forest fires, and prey depletion.
The activities of this project include:
- 40 antipoaching patrols in 5 protected areas using SMART patrol monitoring techniques
- Holding eco-lessons at schools, kindergartens and eco-centres in 4 districts of Primorye;
- Organising the Tiger Day Festival in Primorye