The Russian Far East is home to 95% of the global population of Amur tigers, the most northerly tiger subspecies. Their numbers had fallen to as low as 50 individuals but the most recent rangewide survey now numbers them at approximately 540. This has been achieved by bringing in and toughening wildlife crime laws, improved anti-poaching activities and the creation of more Protected Areas. Improved conflict mitigation and improved rehabilitation of injured and orphaned cubs has also helped keep Amur tigers in the wild.
Primorsky Krai is also home to the Critically Endangered Amur leopard, which numbers approximately 70 individuals. On the brink of extinction for several decades, we are now seeing a rise in the population thanks again to the committed conservationists working so hard to protect them.
ZSL works with Lazovsky Zapovednik (LZ), in collaboration with Phoenix Fund and WCS Russia, and more recently in Zov Tigra (ZT) to develop a holistic programme that integrates anti-poaching management with tiger monitoring. This project has been funded since 2009.
This monitoring has been funded since 2013 and recently has seen the implementation of a more extensive network across habitat outside the national park and the establishment of a joint database which will be used in analyses of the total leopard population in Southwest Primorskii Krai.
The project has been implemented in Primorsky krai and south of Khabarovsky krai that is home to such endangered species as Amur tigers and Amur leopards. Since 2013 the goal of the project is to stabilise Amur tiger and leopard populations through anti-poaching and environmental education activities.