Project name: Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Tiger Protection Project 2000 – 2020
Location: Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia
Goal: To secure a sustained, natural increase in Sumatran tiger populations in Kerinci Seblat National Park through reduced threat to tiger, tiger prey and habitat, underwritten by effective collaborations between national and local government, local civil society and forest-edge communities.
Objective 1: Consolidate year-on–year gains made since 2016 in reducing poaching threat to Sumatran tiger and tiger prey through routine and intelligence-led SMART patrols to maintain a forest law enforcement presence, deter opportunist wildlife and forest crime and guard against any significant resurgence in poaching threat to tiger. Commence a tentative extension of patrol coverage providing there is no significant increase in human-tiger conflict so widening tiger conservation impact while maintaining a strong focus to key tiger populations in and adjoining the ‘Core’ area.
Objective 2: Through covert investigations, tiger poachers and traders are identified and poaching and trade incidents detected supporting law enforcement where evidence is available. Poaching and trade syndicates and inter-syndicate linkages are mapped from the programme area through to sub-national or higher source of threat. Monitor the wildlife blackmarket for change in demand for tiger body parts, other endangered species and so support adaptive protection strategies to counter any resurgence in threat to tiger. Communicate information secured on suspected poaching and trade threat to tiger in other landscapes to conservation partners. Encourage forest edge communities to report possible poaching threat to tiger, tiger prey or habitat or a suspected poaching incident for a patrol response or follow-up investigation.
Objective 3: Conduct law enforcement appropriate to the offence within the national park in the course of TPCU patrols and partner with other government agencies, primarily Indonesia National Police, where outside the national park’s jurisdiction. Support post law enforcement Case development and the subsequent legal process through facilitating Expert Witnesses with the purpose of securing an appropriate legal judgment that offers a substantial deterrent to others and, through targeted law enforcement actions further reduce threat to tiger across the landscape and more widely through disrupting IWT networks.
Objective 4: Respond swiftly to reported human-tiger conflicts using a nationally approved conflict mitigation Protocol, where possible before livestock predation has occured, with the purpose of protecting both tigers and forest-edge community livelihoods and buildiing support for tiger conservation while seeking to avoid, where possible, capture of the animal involved. Routinely liaise with multi-stakeholder human-wildlife conflict mitigation taskforce groups or ‘Satgas’ now active under Edicts of three park-edge provincial governors, partnering with taskforce members on complex or time-consuming conflict mitigation actions. Respond professionally and humanely to wildlife emergencies (snared, injured tiger or other protected species) and conduct a training workshop for TPCU and monitoring team personnel in wildlife emergency response procedures.
Background: Launched in May 2000, the Kerinci Seblat Tiger Protection Project is an on-going project is collaboration between Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP) and Fauna & Flora International (FFI).
Kerinci Seblat National Park is the second-largest national park in Southeast Asia, covering approximately 1.35 million hectares excluding buffer zone forests. The Park is critical habitat for the endangered Sumatran tiger.
Six four-man Tiger Protection and Conservation Units are operational with each unit led by a National Park Ranger leader with ranger members drawn from forest-edge communities. Units operate under the day-to-day direction of young national park managers who report to the director of the national park.