Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Tiger Project 2000 – 22 (FFI)

Confiscated Sumatran tiger skinProject name:  Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Tiger Protection Project 2000 – 2022

Location:  Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia

Goal: To secure a sustained, natural increase in Sumatran tiger populations in Kerinci Seblat National Park through reduced threat to tiger, tiger prey and habitat, underwritten by effective collaborations between national and local government, local civil society and forest-edge communities.

Objective 1: Consolidate gains made, since 2016  in detecting and containing direct and indirect threat to Sumatran tiger and through conserving and protecting wild Sumatran tiger, their prey and habitat, and so support a natural increase in tiger numbers.

Objective 2: Investigations identify poachers and IWT traders, their networks and trade routes and support law enforcement where evidence is available; while the wildlife blackmarket is monitored for changes in demand to support adaptive strategies to counter any increase in threat.

Objective 3: TPCUs conduct fair and appropriate law enforcement directly while on patrol or through partnering with other government agencies where outside the national park and law enforcement leverages reduced threat to tiger, prey and habitat through deterring tiger and other wildlife poachers and forest crime more widely. 

Objective 4: Respond swiftly to and mitigate human-tiger conflicts reported, where possible before livestock predation has occurred,  using a nationally approved conflict mitigation protocol, with the purpose of protecting both tigers and forest-edge community livelihoods.


Background:  Launched in May 2000, the Kerinci Seblat Tiger Protection Project is an on-going project is collaboration between Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP) and Fauna & Flora International (FFI).

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the second-largest national park  in Southeast Asia, covering approximately 1.35 million hectares excluding buffer zone forests. The Park is critical habitat for the endangered Sumatran tiger.

Six four-man Tiger Protection and Conservation Units are operational with each unit led by a National Park Ranger leader with ranger members drawn from forest-edge communities. Units operate under the day-to-day direction of young national park managers who report to the director of the national park.

2020 update:

Law enforcement actions together with growing support for tiger conservation among forest edge communities have leveraged substantial year-on-year falls in direct threat to tigers with poaching threat to tigers significantly below the long-term average in 2020 for the third-year running.

Reduced threat in 2020 may, in part, be a consequence of movement restrictions imposed by the government in an effort to slow the spread of the Coronavirus pandemic. However, covert interviews with suspected poachers provide anecdotal evidence that the project has significantly deterred both poachers and traders across the landscape.

Meanwhile TPCU patrol ’Frequency of Encounter’ with tigers in the first nine months of 2020 improved for the third year-running to 1 tiger per 17.5 km with the highest rate of encounter with tiger in more than six years and significantly higher than in the early years of the project. 

However, while tiger numbers are now increasing steadily and poaching threat to both tiger and their prey species has fallen significantly across the national park, there is potential for a resurgence in threat, not least due to the financial impacts of Coronavirus on the casual economy. Meanwhile, a rapidly expanding tiger population in a national park offers the potential for an increase in minor human-tiger conflicts as sub-adult tigers disburse and seek to establish territory.

Download all reports from the Kerinci Tiger Protection Project below: